Medical Research

More Acupuncture and HRV: Systems Level Approach

Kristen Sparrow • March 11, 2012

To be filed under “Couldn’t Have Said It Better Myself.” I’m pleased that there is more interest in HRV and acupuncture since I’ve been studying this topic for 10 years. I’ve ordered a new HRV monitoring system from Vivonoetics ( which should be arriving this coming week. Yay! I was struggling to get my J and J system to work, so am hopeful that a new system should make data gathering much easier. More information about my practice here.

Explore (NY). 2012 Mar;8(2):99-106.
Acupuncture and heart rate variability: a systems level approach to understanding mechanism.
Anderson B, Nielsen A, McKee D, Jeffres A, Kligler B.
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine, New York, NY; Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY.

Recent research has elucidated several different mechanisms for acupuncture. However, the interrelationship between these mechanisms and how acupuncture affects complex physiological systems is still not understood. Heart rate Variability (HRV), the beat-to-beat fluctuations in the rhythm of the heart, results from the regulation of the heart by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Low HRV is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality and is a marker for a wide range of diseases. Coherent HRV patterns are associated with increased synchronization between the two branches of the ANS, and when sustained for long periods of time result in increased synchronization and entrainment between multiple body systems. There is strong evidence from randomized placebo controlled trials that acupuncture modulates HRV. This may represent a mechanistic pathway for global physiological regulation, which is congruent with East Asian medical theory. The ability of acupuncture to improve HRV could be used as a tool in acupuncture research and practice to monitor treatment effectiveness and the impact on quality of life.